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Nourishments - Research

Ovoderm® Collagen


  • Changes in Dietary Iodine Explains Increasing Incidence of Breast Cancer with Distant Involvement in Young Women. Department of Neuroscience, Lewis Katz School of Medicine Temple University.
  • Iodine consumption and cognitive performance: Confirmation of adequate consumption. Volume 9, Issue 2, Food Science & Nutrition
  • Dietary iodine exposure and brain structures and cognition in older people. Exploratory analysis in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Department of Neuroimaging Sciences, Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh
  • Maternal Iodine Intake and Offspring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a Large Prospective Cohort Study. Division of Infection Control and Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
  • Iodine deficiency and thyroid disorders. Human Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Relations between various measures of iodine intake and thyroid volume, thyroid nodularity, and serum thyroglobulin. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 76, Issue 5, November 2002.
  • SACN( Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition) report on Iodine
  • Iodine Deficiency - WHO
  • Iodine Overview - NHS
  • Health Professional Fact Sheet
  • Iodine Benefits Glutathione 
  • Lutemax 2020

  • Macular carotenoid supplementation improves disability glare performance and dynamics of photostress recovery. Nutritional Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
  • Serum and retinal responses to three different doses of macular carotenoids over 12 weeks of supplementation. Nutritional Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Georgia, Athens
  • Bioavailability of lutein/zeaxanthin isomers and macular pigment optical density response to macular carotenoid supplementation: A randomized double blind placebo controlled study. Director (Global) Scientific and Clinical Affairs,  OmniActive Health Technologies
  • Macular pigment in retinal health and disease. Retina Service, Hospital Humberto Castro Lima (IBOPC), Salvador, Bahia Brazil ; Retina Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo
  • Contrast Sensitivity and Lateral Inhibition Are Enhanced With Macular Carotenoid Supplementation. Nutritional Neuroscience Laboratory, University of  Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States
  • Supplementation with macular carotenoids reduces psychological stress, serum cortisol, and sub-optimal symptoms of physical and emotional health in young adults. Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Program, Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute , University of Georgia , Athens
  • Effects of macular xanthophyll supplementation on brain-derived neurotrophic factor, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and cognitive  performance. Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Program-Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, University of Georgia, Athens
  • Overall skin tone and skin-lightening-improving effects with oral supplementation of lutein and zeaxanthin isomers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Department of Scientific and Clinical Affairs, OmniActive Health Technologies Inc., Morristown, NJ.
  • Lutein and Zeaxanthin Isomers Inhibit Cholinesterase and Modulate the Expression of Inflammation-Related Genes: In Vitro Models. OmniActive Health Technologies Ltd, Prince Edward Island, Canada

    Vegan Vitamin D3

  • Vitamin D and actigraphic sleep outcomes in older community-dwelling men: the MrOS sleep study Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA
  • Vitamin D and sleep in children
  • Vitamin D and Sleep Regulation: Is there a Role for Vitamin D?
  • The lullaby of the sun: the role of vitamin D in sleep disturbance Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Sezione di Endocrinologia, Università Federico II di Napoli, Naples, Italy
  • Effectiveness and safety of vitamin D in relation to bone health. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
  • Does high dose vitamin D supplementation enhance cognition?: A randomized trial in healthy adults. Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia
  • The impact of 1-year vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status in athletes: a dose–response study - 2016 Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • Vitamin Deficiency Statistics UK - Deficient in Vitamins D, B9 and B12 
  • Optimisation of Vitamin D Status for Enhanced Immuno-protection Against Covid-19 School of Biological and Health Sciences, College of Sciences & Health, Technological
  • Preventing vitamin D deficiency during the COVID-19 pandemic: UK definitions of vitamin D sufficiency and recommended supplement dose are set too low St George's, University of London, London, UK
  • Strong correlation between prevalence of severe vitamin D deficiency and population mortality rate from COVID-19 in Europe Complete Med Care, Forest Lane, 8989, Dallas, TX, USA
  • Boston University study finds Vitamin D reduces COVID-19 risk Boston University School of Medicine
  • Vitamin D deficiency and COVID-19: A case-control study at a tertiary care hospital in India Department of Community Medicine, SBKS MIRC, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Short term, high-dose vitamin D supplementation for COVID-19 disease: a randomised, placebo-controlled, study (SHADE study) Endocrinology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
  • Study confirmed the causal relationship between vitamin D deficiency and death 
  • The effect of vitamin D supplementation on peripheral regulatory T cells and β cell function in healthy humans: a randomized controlled trial - PubMed ( Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
  • Vitamin D supplementation and regulatory T cells in apparently healthy subjects: vitamin D treatment for autoimmune diseases  Division of Endocrinology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Association between vitamin D supplementation and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis - PubMed ( Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
  • Vitamin D supplementation of 1500-2000iu for 6 months significantly reduced symptoms with irritable bowel syndrome in adolescent sufferers Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
  • Vitamin D and prevention of breast cancer: pooled analysis Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
  • Vitamin D and Its Potential Benefit for the COVID-19 Pandemic Section Endocrinology, Diabetes, Nutrition and Weight Management, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand
  • Optimal Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels for Multiple Health Outcomes
  • Vitamin D and COVID-19: evidence and recommendations for supplementation Infectious Diseases and Medicine, St George's University of London, London, UK
  • Association of vitamin D intake and serum levels with fertility: Results from the Lifestyle and Fertility Study Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH
  • Comparison of hormone profile and systemic inflammation in patients presenting with sexual dysfunction: Which is important? Aksaray University Medical School Hospital, Urology Department, Turkey
  • Effect of vitamin D supplementation on testosterone levels in men Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Effect of Vitamin D Therapy on Sexual Function in Women with Sexual Dysfunction and Vitamin D Deficiency: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health and Students Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Correction of Low Vitamin D Improves Fatigue: Effect of Correction of Low Vitamin D in Fatigue Study (EViDiF Study) Department of Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, New Jersey, USA
  • The effect of vitamin D supplement on negative emotions: A systematic review and meta-analysis Department of Psychiatry, Taoyuan Psychiatric Centre, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taoyuan City, Taiwan


  • Effects of myo-inositol in women with PCOS: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Gynecology Association Unfer Costabile, Obstetrics and Gynecology Center, Rome, Italy
  • Inositol as putative integrative treatment for PCOS
    Reproductive Endocrinology and Health Review, Volume 33 Issue 6, P770-780, Dec 01, 2016
  • [i] Effects of myo-inositol in women with PCOS: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
    Gynecology Association Unfer Costabile (A.G.UN.CO.), Obstetrics and Gynecology Center, Rome, Italy
  • [ii] Myo-inositol vs. D-chiro inositol in PCOS treatment 
    Institute of Obstetric and Gynecological Pathology, Santo Bambino Hospital
  • Effects of D-Chiro-Inositol in Lean Women with the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
    Department of Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia

    Soy Isoflavones

  • Vasomotor symptom relief by soy isoflavone extract tablets in postmenopausal women: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.
    Department of Clinical Affairs, Advanced Care Products, North Brunswick, New Jersey
  • Multidimensional Effects of Soy Isoflavone by Food or Supplements in Menopause Women: A Systematic Review and Bibliometric Analysis 
    Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Endocrinology and Nutrition Unit, Section of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Azienda di Servizi alla Persona di Pavia, University of Pavia, Via Emilia 12, Pavia, Italy
  • Soy Isoflavones Inhibit Endothelial Cell Dysfunction and Prevent Cardiovascular Disease
    Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Yamagata, Kazuo PhD
  • Effect of Soy and Soy Isoflavones on Obesity-Related Anthropometric Measures: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials 
    Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Morteza Zare, Fatemeh Nouripour: Advances in Nutrition, Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages 705–717
  • Isoflavone Supplements for Menopausal Women: A Systematic Review
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan
  • The effects of soy isoflavones on metabolic status of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome
    Mehri Jamilian, Zatollah Asemi: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 101, Issue 9, 1 September 2016, Pages 3386–3394


  • Effects of 5-hydroxytryptophan on the sleep of normal human subjects.
    National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA
  • Clinical evaluation of 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan as an antidepressant drug
    Department of Neurology (Neuropharmacology and Neurochemistry), Institute of Higher Nervous Activity, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka
  • 5-Hydroxytryptophan versus methysergide in the prophylaxis of migraine. Randomized clinical trial 
  • Headache in association with sleep disorders in children: a psychodiagnostic evaluation and controlled clinical study--L-5-HTP versus placebo​ Institute of Children's Psychiatry, University of Rome, Italy
  • Comparative study of efficacy of l-5-hydroxytryptophan and fluoxetine in patients presenting with first depressive episode Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak 124 001, Haryana, India
  • The Effect of 5-Hydroxytryptophan on Cholecystokinin-4-Induced Panic Attacks in Healthy Volunteers Department of Psychiatry, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
  • An open-label trial of L-5-hydroxytryptophan in subjects with romantic stress Department of Health Sciences, Section of Psychiatry, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • 5-Hydroxytryptophan: a clinically-effective serotonin precursor 
  • Effects of 5-hydroxytryptophan on the sleep of normal human subjects


  • A study involving 135 subjects (>18 years old, mean age: 42), 126 of which finished the complete treatment after three months ADM
  • Effects of daily consumption of the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 on anthropometric adiposity biomarkers in abdominally obese subjects: a randomized study Eurecat, Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya, Unitat de Nutrició i Salut, Reus, Spain
  • Probiotic Strain Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 Reduces Fat Content and Modulates Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Response in Caenorhabditis elegans Cell Biology Laboratory, Food Biotechnology Department, Biópolis SL, Paterna, 46980 Valencia, Spain
  • Effects of a Diet-Based Weight-Reducing Program with Probiotic Supplementation on Satiety Efficiency, Eating Behaviour Traits, and Psychosocial Behaviours in Obese Individuals Faculty of Medicine, Department of Kinesiology, Laval University, Quebec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
  • Heat-killed Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. Lactis CECT 8145 increases lean mass and ameliorates metabolic syndrome in cafeteria-fed obese rats Technological Unit of Nutrition and Health, EURECAT-Technology Centre of Catalonia, Avinguda Universitat, 1, 43204 Reus, Tarragona, Spain
  • Effects of Bifidobacterium animalis Subsp. lactis (BPL1) Supplementation in Children and Adolescents with Prader-Willi Syndrome: A Randomized Crossover Study Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, 08950 Barcelona, Spain.
  • Iron

  • Foods, fortificants, and supplements: Where do Americans get their nutrients? Nutrition Impact LLC, Battle Creek, MI, USA.
  • Iron deficiency: a concise review. Division of Hematology/Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta
  • Dietary intake and iron status of Australian vegetarian women. School of Nutrition and Public Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia
  • Iron. Dietary supplement fact sheet - 2016 Office of Dietary Supplements
  • Iron contributes to normal cognitive function, reduction of tiredness and fatigue, normal function of the immune system and oxygen transport in the body  Official Journal of the European Union
  • Scuttell'Up

  • Neuroprotective and Cognitive Enhancement Potentials of Baicalin: A ReviewSchool of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea.
  • Biphasic effects of baicalin, an active constituent of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, in the spontaneous sleep–wake regulation Department of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Vitamin B12

  • Daily intake of 4 to 7 𝜇g dietary vitamin B-12 is associated with steady concentrations of vitamin B-12-related biomarkers in a healthy young population - 2010 Aarhus University
  • B Vitamin Deficiencies Can Mimic Symptoms of Menopause
    Of all the vitamins your body needs, the B vitamins come in at the top of the list. And a deficiency in either B12 or B9, also known as folic acid, can increase hot flashes and even mimic them in non-menopausal women. If you’re experiencing night sweats or hot flashes, you may get some relief by increasing your folic acid intake. Inadequate B12 levels may also cause you to feel more rundown than normal. B12 keeps your nervous system functioning properly, is used to make red blood cells and DNA, and is one of many B vitamins that fights the fatigue that women often refer to as “brain fog” around menopause. Most of the time, your body gets what it needs from food, but during perimenopause you may struggle to meet all of your vitamin and mineral requirements. Taking a supplement can help plug the nutritional gap.
  • Vegan diet. Position of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) - 2016 German Nutrition Society
  • Understanding Vitamin B12 - 2013 Department of Nutrition Science, East Carolina University
  • The coenzymatic forms of vitamin B12: toward an understanding of their therapeutic potential - 1997 Alternative Medicine Review

  • Vitamin E

  • Gamma-tocopherol, the major form of vitamin E in the US diet, deserves more attention. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 74, Issue 6
  • How an increased intake of alpha-tocopherol can suppress the bioavailability of gamma-tocopherol. Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California
  • Decision analysis supports the paradigm that indiscriminate supplementation of Vitamin E does more harm than good - 2009 Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Tel Aviv University
  • Lipophilic antioxidants in human sebum and aging - 2002 DI-IRCCS, Rome, Italy
  • Effects of Tocotrienol Supplementation on Hair Growth in Human Volunteers School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

    Vitamin K2

  • Bioavailability and Chemical/Functional Aspects of Synthetic MK-7 vs
  • A longitudinial study of the effect of vitamin K2 on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women a comparative study with vitamin D3 and estrogen-progestin therapy
  • Vitamin K Studied in Treatment and Prevention of Liver Cancer
  • Vitamin K and hepatocellular carcinoma: The basic and clinic
  • Novel Form of Vitamin K May Stop Liver Cancer Cell Growth
  • Role of Vitamin K2 in the Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Women With Viral Cirrhosis of the Liver
  • Fermentation-Derived MK-7 in Randomised Controlled Trials Kappa Bioscience
  • Vitamin K2 for bone health Vitamin K2-A key factor for optimal bone health at all ages Kappa Bioscience, Norway
  • Proper calcium use: Vitamin K2 as a promoter of bone and cardiovascular health - 2015 International Science and Health Foundation
  • Vitamin K contributes to normal blood clotting and maintenance of bones Official Journal of the European 
  • Vitamin K as a Powerful Micronutrient in Aging and Age-Related Diseases: Pros and Cons from Clinical Studies Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
  • Maca Powder

  • A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen. School of Psychology and Sports Sciences, Northumbria University
  • Beneficial effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on psychological symptoms and measures of sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women are not related to estrogen or androgen content. School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Victoria University
  • Subjective effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) extract on well-being and sexual performances in patients with mild erectile dysfunction: a randomised, double-blind clinical trial. Department of Urology, Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital
  • Ashwagandha Extract

  • An Overview on Ashwagandha: A Rasayana (Rejuvenator) of Ayurveda African Traditional Herbal Medicine Supporters Initiative
  • An Alternative Treatment for Anxiety: A Systematic Review of Human Trial Results Reported for the Ayurvedic Herb Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
  • A Prospective, Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Safety and Efficacy of a High-Concentration Full-Spectrum Extract of Ashwagandha Root in Reducing Stress and Anxiety in Adults Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
  • A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study Examining the Hormonal and Vitality Effects of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in Aging, Overweight Males American Journal of Men's Health
  • Examining the effect of Withania somnifera supplementation on muscle strength and recovery: a randomized controlled trial Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
  • [ii]Adaptogenic and Anxiolytic Effects of Ashwagandha Root Extract in Healthy Adults: A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Clinical Study Xoreal Biomed Inc. Los Angeles, California, USA
  • A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study to evaluate the effects of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) extract on sleep quality in healthy adults

    LactoSpore® Probiotic

  • Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856 supplementation in the management of diarrhea predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome: a double blind randomized placebo controlled pilot clinical study Sami Labs Limited, India
  • Evaluation of genetic and phenotypic consistency of Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856: a commercial probiotic strain Life Sciences, FrieslandCampina Research, The Netherlands
  • Bacillus coagulans MTCC 5856 supplementation in the management of diarrhea predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A double bling randomized placebo controlled pilot clinical study Official Lactospore® research
  • Beta Glucan

  • Effects of beta-glucans on the immune system. " Department of Physiology, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas"
  • Clinical and Physiological Perspectives of β-Glucans: The Past, Present, and Future Seafood Research Center, IACF, Silla University,
  • Silica

  • The chemistry of silica and its potential health benefits. POM Wonderful LLC, Los Angeles
  • SILICON AND BONE HEALTH Rayne Institute, Gastrointestinal Laboratory, St Thomas' Hospital, London
  • The Promise of Silicon: Bone Regeneration and Increased Bone density
  • Update on the Possible Nutritional Importance of Silicon
  • Dietary Silicon and Bone Health
  • The Chemistry of Silica and its Potential Health Benefits
  • Silicon: The Health Benefits of a Metalloid
  • Dietary Silicon and its impact on Plasma Silicon Levels in the Polish Population
  • Silicon and Bone Health
  • Vitamin A

  • What is vitamin A and why do we need it? Clare Gilbert, Co-director: International Centre for Eye Health, Disability Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • Role of Vitamin A in the Immune System Department of Pathology and Physiopathology, Guilin Medical University, China
  • Vitamin A NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements
  • Tart Cherry

  • [i] Effects of a tart cherry juice beverage on the sleep of older adults with insomnia: a pilot study Sleep & Neurophysiology Research Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
  • A Review of the Health Benefits of Cherries US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Human Nutrition Research Center, California
  • Effects of Tart Cherry Juice on Biomarkers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Older Adults Department of Behavioral Health and Nutrition, College of Health Sciences, University of Delaware
  • Tart Cherry Extracts Reduce Inflammatory and Oxidative Stress Signaling in Microglial Cells Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University
  • Pilot Study of Tart Cherry Juice for the Treatment of Insomnia and Investigation of Mechanisms Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Food Science Department
  • Effect of tart cherry juice (Prunus cerasus) on melatonin levels and enhanced sleep quality School of Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Northumberland Building, Newcastle upon Tyne

    White Kidney Bean

  • A proprietary alpha-amylase inhibitor from white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): A review of clinical studies on weight loss and glycemic control Pharmacognosy Consulting, Mill Valley
  • Lowering the glycemic index of white bread using a white bean extract. Medicus Research LLC
  • A Dietary Supplement Containing Standardized Phaseolus vulgaris Extract Influences Body Composition of Overweight Men and Women Cosmetic Research Center, dell'Università Cattolica di Roma, Rome


  • Zinc as a Gatekeeper of Immune Function Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital RWTH Aachen
  • Zinc in Infection and Inflammation Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital RWTH Aachen
  • Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of zinc. Zinc-dependent NF-κB signaling Department of Radioligands, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Poland
  • Zinc-rich oysters as well as zinc-yeast- and astaxanthin-enriched food improved sleep efficiency and sleep onset in a randomized controlled trial of healthy individuals 
  • Dietary Zinc Acts as a Sleep Modulator International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, 305-8575 Tsukuba, Japan
  • Associations between Blood Zinc Concentrations and Sleep Quality in Childhood: A Cohort Study School of Nursing University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd., Philadelphia,

  • Milk Thistle Extract

  • In Vivo Efficacy Study of Milk Thistle Extract (ETHIS-094™) in STAM™ Model of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis R&D, Euromed, C/Rec de Dalt, Barcelona, Spain
  • The Effects of Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) on Human Cytochrome P450 Activity Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research and Center for Pharmacogenomics , University of Florida
  • Effects of Potassium Sulfate [K2SO4] on The Element Contents, Polyphenol Content, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Milk Thistle [Silybum Marianum] Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Department of Field Crops, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey
  • Resveratrol

  • Sustained Cerebrovascular and Cognitive Benefits of Resveratrol in Postmenopausal Women School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, New South Wales, Australia
  • Resveratrol and Its Effects on the Vascular System Department of Vascular Biology and Thrombosis Research, Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna
  • Resveratrol: How Much Wine Do You Have to Drink to Stay Healthy? Institute of Molecular Pathobiochemistry, Experimental Gene Therapy and Clinical Chemistry, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule University Hospital Aachen
  • Cancer Chemoprevention by Resveratrol: The p53 Tumor Suppressor Protein as a Promising Molecular Target Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro
  • The Role of Resveratrol in Cancer Therapy College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Korea
  • Influence of Resveratrol on the Immune Response Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Italy
  • Resveratrol as a Tumor-Suppressive Nutraceutical Modulating Tumor Microenvironment and Malignant Behaviors of Cancer Biomodulation, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Korea
  • Ginger

  • How Safe Is Ginger Rhizome for Decreasing Nausea and Vomiting in Women during Early Pregnancy? GYNOV SAS, Paris, France
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) in the Prevention of Ageing and Degenerative Diseases: Review of Current Evidence Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Malaysia
  • Bioactive Compounds and Bioactivities of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, China
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) in the Prevention of Ageing and Degenerative Diseases: Review of Current Evidence Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Level 17, Preclinical Building, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre
  • Selenium Yeast

  • Nutrition, immunity and COVID-19 | BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health
    1. Philip C Calder
      Correspondence to Dr Philip C Calder, Human Development and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  • An increase in selenium intake improves immune function and poliovirus handling in adults with marginal selenium status. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:154–62.doi:10.1093/ajcn/80.1.154 
    1. Beck MA , 
    2. Nelson HK , 
    3. Shi Q , et al

    . Selenium deficiency increases the pathology of an influenza virus infection. Faseb J 2001;15:1481–3.doi:10.1096/fj.00-0721fje pmid: 

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    . Host nutritional selenium status as a driving force for influenza virus mutations. FASEB j. 2001;15:1727–38.doi:10.1096/fj.01-0108com 

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    1. Roy M , 
    2. Kiremidjian-Schumacher L , 
    3. Wishe HI , et al

    . Supplementation with selenium and human immune cell functions. I. Effect on lymphocyte proliferation and interleukin 2 receptor expression. Biol Trace Elem Res 1994;41:103–14.doi:10.1007/BF02917221 pmid: 

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    . The effects of dietary selenium on the immune system in healthy men. Biol Trace Elem Res 2001;81:189–213.doi:10.1385/BTER:81:3:189 

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    2. Roy M , 
    3. Wishe HI , et al

    . Supplementation with selenium and human immune cell functions. II. Effect on cytotoxic lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Biol Trace Elem Res 1994;41:115–27.doi:10.1007/BF02917222 pmid: 

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    . Lymphocyte response is enhanced by supplementation of elderly subjects with selenium-enriched yeast. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53:1323–8.doi:10.1093/ajcn/53.5.1323 pmid: 

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    . Supplementation with selenium restores age-related decline in immune cell function. Exp Biol Med 1995;209:369–75.doi:10.3181/00379727-209-43909 

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  • Supplementation of Micronutrient Selenium in Metabolic Diseases: Its Role as an Antioxidant School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Selenium for preventing cancer Marco Vinceti, Tommaso Filippini and Catherine M Crespi
  • Selenium and Human Health
  • Selenium Inadequacy Hampers Thyroid Response of Young Children After Iodine Repletion
  • Selenium Concentration and Glutathione Peroxidase Activity in Blood of New Zealand Infants and Children
  • Selenium intake and Nutritional Status of Children with Phenylketonuria 
  • Increased Plasma Selenium is Associated with Better Outcomes in Children with Systemic Inflammation
  • Plasma Selenium Influences Arsenic Methylation Capacity and Developmental Delays in Preschool Children in Taiwan
  • Lycopene

  • The Potential Role of Lycopene for the Prevention and Therapy of Prostate Cancer: From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Evidence Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
  • Lycopene Protects against Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injury by Alleviating ER Stress Induced Apoptosis in Neonatal Mouse Cardiomyocytes Department of Cardiology, North Sichuan Medical College Affiliated Hospital, China,
  • Lycopene and cognitive function Department of Human Nutrition, University of Alabama
  • Lycopene: Overview, Uses, Side Effects, Precautions, Interactions, Dosing and Reviews
  • Cordyceps

  • Se-Enriched Cordyceps militaris Inhibits Cell Proliferation, Induces Cell Apoptosis, And Causes G2/M Phase Arrest In Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Traditional uses and medicinal potential of Cordyceps sinensis of Sikkim Department of Pharmacology, Sikkim Manipal Institutes of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
  • Effect of Cs-4 (Cordyceps sinensis) on exercise performance in healthy older subjects: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Center for Human Nutrition, University of California, USA.
  • Beetroot

  • Vascular effects of dietary nitrate (as found in green leafy vegetables and beetroot) via the nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, St.Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.
  • Inorganic nitrate and beetroot juice supplementation reduces blood pressure in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle on Tyne, UK
  • Acute ingestion of beetroot bread increases endothelium-independent vasodilation and lowers diastolic blood pressure in healthy men: a randomized controlled trial. Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy, University of Reading, UK
  • Health benefits of beetroot for children
  • Effects of Beetroot Juice Supplementation on Cardiorespiratory Endurance in Athletes. A Systematic Review College of Health Sciences, University Alfonso X El Sabio University, Madrid 29651, Spain
  • Understanding the effects of beetroot juice intake on CrossFit performance by assessing hormonal, metabolic and mechanical response: a randomized, double-blind, crossover design GRI-AFIRS. School of Health Sciences, TecnoCampus-Pompeu Fabra University, Ernest Lluch, 32 (Porta Laietana), Mataró, 08302, Barcelona, Spain
  • IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete Correspondence to Professor Ronald J Maughan, School of Medicine, St Andrews University, St Andrews, UK
  • Folic Acid

  • Folate for depressive disorders Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
  • Folic Acid is effective at reducing symptoms most notably hot flashes
  • Folic Acid Supplementation and Pregnancy: More Than Just Neural Tube Defect Prevention 
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Division of Gynecology, Faulkner Hospital, and Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School,, Boston, MA
    2Nutritional Consultant,, Boston, MA
    3Department of Ultrasound, Shenzhen Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital and Southern Medical University,, Shenzhen, China
    4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Southern Medical University,, Guangzhou, China
  • A bacterial route for folic acid supplementation Department of Biosciences, Durham University, Stockton Road, Durham
  • Folic acid ingestion improves skeletal muscle blood flow during graded handgrip and plantar flexion exercise in aged humans University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital, USA
  • Increasing maternal folate status by supplemental folate intake and reduced risk of neural tube defects Official Journal of the European Union
  • Vitamin C

  • Ascorbic acid for the treatment of Charcot‐Marie‐Tooth disease University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Department of Neurology, Germany
  • Influence of vitamin C supplementation on oxidative and salivary IgA changes following an ultramarathon. Department of Health, Leisure and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, USA
  • Ascorbic acid prevents vascular dysfunction induced by oral glucose load in healthy subjects. Division of Vascular Rehabilitation, University of Verona, Policlinico Hospital, Verona, Italy
  • Supplementation of ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol is useful to preventing bone loss linked to oxidative stress in elderly. Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  • CoQ10

  • Reversal of mitochondrial dysfunction by coenzyme Q10 supplement improves endothelial function in patients with ischaemic left ventricular systolic dysfunction: a randomized controlled trial. Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong
  • Safety and efficacy of coenzyme Q10 supplementation in early chronic Peyronie's disease: a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study. Private Practice of Urology and Andrology, Tehran, Iran
  • Coenzyme Q10 and exercise training in chronic heart failure. Lancisi Heart Institute, Via Conca, 71 Torrette di Ancona, Italy
  • Coenzyme Q(10) improves endothelial dysfunction of the brachial artery in Type II diabetes mellitus. Department of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia
  • Coenzyme Q10: The essential nutrient Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rural Dental College- Loni, India

  • HydroCurc™ & Black Pepper Extract.

  • Curcumin with increased bioavailability 
  • Increased bioavailability of curcumin using a novel dispersion technology system (LipiSperse®) 
  • Curcumin effects on blood lipid profile in a 6-month human study. " 
  • Diverse effects of a low dose supplement of lipidated curcumin in healthy middle aged people.
  • The effects of black pepper on the intestinal absorption and hepatic metabolism of drugs.
  • Phase II trial of curcumin in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
  • Ginseng

  • Effects of Panax ginseng on quality of life. 
  • Effects of red ginseng supplementation on menopausal symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial
  • A double-blind crossover study evaluating the efficacy of korean red ginseng in patients with erectile dysfunction: a preliminary report. 
  • Fermented ginseng improves the first-night effect in humans. 
  • Preventive effect of ginseng intake against various human cancers: a case-control study on 1987 pairs. 
  • Non-organ-specific preventive effect of long-term administration of Korean red ginseng extract on incidence of human cancers. 
  • Antioxidant effects of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer in healthy subjects: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. 
  • Careflow™ Mango Powder

  • Effects of Mangifera indica (Careless) on Microcirculation and Glucose Metabolism in Healthy Volunteers 
  • Vital Solutions Swiss AG, Romanshorn, Schweiz 

    Apple Cider Vinegar

  • Effect of Fruit Pectin on Growth of Lactic Acid Bacteria  
  • Purification, characterization, and prebiotic properties of pectic oligosaccharides from orange peel wastes 
  • Effects of prebiotics on immune system and cytokine expression
  • Beneficial effects of Apple Cider Vinegar on weight management, Visceral Adiposity Index and lipid profile in overweight or obese subjects receiving restricted calorie diet: A randomized clinical trial
  • Delayed gastric emptying rate may explain improved glycaemia
    in healthy subjects to a starchy meal with added vinegar
  • Beneficial effects of Apple Cider Vinegar on weight management, Visceral Adiposity Index and lipid profile in overweight or obese subjects receiving restricted calorie diet: A randomized clinical trial



  • Consumption of pectins with a meal contributes to the reduction of the blood glucose rise after that meal 
  • 1. Pectins contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels 2. Pectins contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels
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